Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance. It is present in dietary sources and is carried through the blood on lipoproteins. There are two major types of lipoproteins:
High-density lipoprotein (HDL), often called “good” cholesterol
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL), often called “bad” cholesterol
Excess LDL cholesterol is deposited in the walls of arteries throughout the body. This can lead to atherosclerosis, which includes heart attack, stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), unstable angina, and peripheral vascular disease (PVD).
Optimal cholesterol management is an important part of reducing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Treatment protocols can assist patients in making informed decisions that can lead to fewer heart attacks and strokes.
Change of Lifestyle:
Eating a heart-healthy diet, becoming more physically active, not smoking and losing weight can help bring your numbers into line. If lifestyle changes alone don’t improve your cholesterol level, medications may be prescribed.