CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE (CAD)
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries. The coronary arteries are the blood vessels that carry blood to your heart. This condition is usually caused by atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is the build-up of cholesterol and fatty deposits (called plaques) inside the arteries. These plaques can clog the arteries or damage the arteries, which limits or stops blood flow to the heart muscle. If the heart does not get enough blood, it cannot get the oxygen and nutrients it needs to work properly. This can cause chest pain (angina) or a heart attack.
The most common symptom of coronary artery disease is angina. Angina is chest pain and can also be described as chest discomfort, heaviness, tightness, pressure, aching, burning, or squeezing. It can be mistaken for indigestion or heartburn. Angina is usually felt in the chest, but you may also feel it in your left shoulder, arms, neck, or jaw. Other symptoms of coronary artery disease include shortness of breath or heart palpitations.
Following your treatment plan will help reduce your risk of problems like heart attack and stroke.
Reducing your risk factors by making changes in your lifestyle, such as not smoking, managing health problems like high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes.
We recommend you have a heart-healthy diet, limit alcohol use, and increase your activity level.
Treatments include medications, Interventional procedures, or surgery.